“Papier-mâché” is a term that has been applied to innumerable three-dimensional objects having a paper core. The phrase can be confusing. It is it spelled many ways, ranging from the French papier-mâché to the Anglicized paper mache, papier machie, etc. The original term “papier-mâché” literally means masticated paper, but it is also used to describe objects made of very different types of paper constructions, including:
- paper pulp applied, cast or extruded into a molded form
- paper strips adhered together over a molded form
- paper sheets adhered together and pressed between molded forms
Van Der Reyden, Dianne, and Don Williams. The History, Technology, and Care of Papier-Mache: Case Study of the Conservation Treatment of a Victorian”Japan Ware” Chair. Smithsonian. Web. 1 Feb. 2013. <http://www.si.edu/mci/downloads/relact/papier_mache.pdf>.